Did you know that more than 1 in 7 Americans abuse substances or have a substance addiction? This translates to about 40 million people over the age of 11. These addictions include nicotine, alcohol, and other drugs.
This report states that addiction numbers are higher than heart problems (27 million), diabetes (26 million), or cancer (19 million).
When a person wants to overcome an addiction, they need rehabilitation treatment. Many people ask, “how do residential and outpatient rehab programs compare?” Continue reading to learn about the different types of programs.
What Is Addiction?
Addiction describes a complicated and complex disease of the brain. This causes compulsive use of a substance even though it’s dangerous. People with this disease have an ongoing and intense focus on the harmful substance.
This causes many problems in their physical, emotional, and social/work life. Examples of addictive substances include:
- PCP, LSD, and other hallucinogenic agents
- Inhalants including glue and paint thinners
- Opioids including oxycodone, heroin, and codeine
- Sedatives, hypnotics, and anxiolytic medications
- Cocaine, methamphetamines, and other types of stimulants
This disease results in altered thinking, judgment, decision-making, learning, memory, and behavior. They develop intense cravings for the substances. These effects can continue long after the intoxicating event.
Tolerance develops over time. This means that the person needs more of the substance to get the same effect.
There are several reasons that people begin using drugs. Examples may be to feel good, feel better, perform better, or due to curiosity or peer pressure.
The first step to rehab is admitting that you have a problem. No one can make someone stop if they don’t want to.
The good news is that there are many effective treatment programs. When someone commits to recovery, they can overcome the addiction. From there, they can go on to live a normal, productive life.
How Do Residential and Outpatient Rehab Programs Compare?
Without professional addiction treatment, people face devastating health, career, financial, and social outcomes. Treatment programs include inpatient, intensive outpatient, and outpatient care. It’s important to find the best program to fit the individual’s needs.
What Is Inpatient Treatment?
Residential or inpatient rehab programs involve 24 hour/7 days a week care. The person stays at the facility for the entire treatment time. They receive medical and therapeutic care around-the-clock.
A multidisciplinary treatment team designs an individualized plan of care for each resident. Treatment activities often include individual counseling and group meetings.
They may receive medication related to rehab treatment. The medical staff also gives medication for any other medical conditions.
Residential programs are often more effective for long-term addiction patients.
Some individuals need hospitalization to receive comprehensive medical care as they undergo detoxification. The detox process can have life-threatening consequences without proper care. Patients are often admitted to the hospital for the following problems:
- Severe withdrawal including delirium tremens which causes tremors, anxiety, disorientation, and hallucinations
- Severe overdose with symptoms of respiratory distress, seizures, or coma
- Persons with acute or chronic medical conditions that are exacerbated by substance withdrawal
- Significant psychiatric problems that increase their risk of harming themselves or others.
- Acute substance dependence which hasn’t responded to other less intense treatment programs
Once the patient has stabilized they can move to a less restrictive environment. This may include a residential program or an intensive outpatient program.
Outpatient Treatment Definition
There are two main types of outpatient treatment programs. These include intensive outpatient programs (IOPs) and outpatient programs (OPs). The level of treatment depends on the individual’s needs.
Intensive Outpatient Program
An IOP program addresses problems including addiction, depression, eating disorder, and other forms of dependencies. Individuals must not need detoxification or 24-hour supervision. These patients live at home and continue their daily lives.
Some IOPs serve as transition programs for patients who are completing inpatient treatment. This helps develop support mechanisms to help manage relapses and promote coping strategies.
Outpatient program participants also live at home and go to work or school as normal. They attend regular treatment sessions one to three days a week. This program usually lasts between one and one and a half months.
Participants eligible for this type of program include men or women ages 18 years and older. They may have just completed an IOP and use this as the next transition stage.
The goal of this type of program is to provide ongoing supportive care. It helps people practice healthy living and coping skills learned in treatment. Clients also receive assistance in developing and reaching life goals.
Outpatient therapy includes activities that help patients reflect on issues related to addiction. They identify emotional responses. This knowledge helps them understand how addiction limits and impacts beliefs and behaviors.
Another important component of all types of rehab is an emphasis on individual and family therapy. Everyone involved with the person has been impacted. Thus, family therapy works to identify and resolve issues related to addiction.
One of the key values of outpatient programs is that they allow individuals to practice the skills learned in therapy. This is balanced with therapy sessions to discuss the successes and failures. Patients receive support and suggestions to move in a more positive direction.
Are You Looking for a Rehab or Mental Health Program?
If you or someone you know suffers from an addiction or mental health problems, you’ve come to the right place. This article answered the question, “how do residential and outpatient rehab programs compare?”
At Sober Life Treatment Center San Diego we offer partial hospitalization, intensive outpatient . Our program is based on evidence-based approaches. We focus on healing past trauma and attachment issues.
In response to changing times, we now offer a virtual outpatient program for California residents. Contact us today to ask questions and learn more about our programs.